Community Action Works
Community Action Works

Illegal Junkyards

The Problem:

Salvage yards are an important source of end-of-life recycling for motor vehicles. However, these yards can also be a source of pollution and endanger the health of nearby communities if they are not properly maintained and regulated. Junkyards contain many hazardous materials including lead batteries, mercury from light switches, anti-freeze, Freon from cooling systems, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), asbestos found in the brake pads and lining of older cars, motor oil, and heavy other metals.

These toxins pose real health risks. Mercury is linked to kidney disease, and lead from batteries may cause many health issues, including brain damage, problems with the blood and damage to the reproductive and nervous systems. Also, asbestos and PCBs are carcinogenic. These heavy metals and other contaminants may enter drinking water and pose a risk to human health for everyone living near a salvage yard or sharing an aquifer.

There are environmental concerns as well. CFCs, commonly known as Freon, is emitted from vehicles causing air pollution. If oil is spread on the ground, it may contaminate plants, animals, soil and groundwater. Many of these junkyards operate in the midst of neighborhoods. 

In Milton, VT ABC Metals is home to an estimated one million tires, posing a fire and disease hazard. EPA testing has found toxic chemicals in the surrounding neighborhood, including PCBs and arsenic. After nine years without a permit, the junkyard continues to operate.

In Strafford, VT a collection of junk sits on a half-acre lot on Miller Pond Road which borders a stream. Neighbors regularly pull tires and scrap metal from the stream, which runs through many of their yards. The junkyard is not licensed and has continued to grow over the years.

The Solution:

We believe in passing stronger junkyard laws to ensure our communities are safe from health and environmental problems. In order to ensure our communities are safe, we need to regulate these junk yards and establish Follow the case study below to understand our process. 

Case Study – Vermont:

Community Action Works Campaigns worked with Milton CLEAN, Williamstown Healthy Environment Neighborhood Alliance, Strafford Green, residents from Sharon, and VPIRG to pass stronger junkyard laws. The laws created setbacks from waterways, drinking water wells, and wetlands, gave towns more discretion in deciding appropriate locations for salvage yards, and established the Agency of Natural Resources as the state’s salvage yard regulator.

The laws are listed here:

  1. A salvage yard applies to the town for a Certificate of Location. To find out if a junkyard in your town has this certificate, contact your zoning administrator or town clerk.
  2. A salvage yard applies to ANR’s Salvage Yard program for a state license. Contact the Storage Tanks & Salvage Yards Section Chief to ask about it.
  3. A salvage yard applies for other environmental permits, based on the scope of their operation. Contact the Storage Tanks & Salvage Yards Program Coordinator to ask about a permit.

See more at the Department of Conservation Vermont Salvage Yard Program.

Resources:

Want to take the next steps toward salvage yard regulation? Here are some resources to help!